2024 年国际正念会议

ICM:2024 洞察力--驾驭神经多样性 PT.4

我们的目标是使 2024 年国际正念大会尽可能广泛和方便地参与,包括欢迎神经变异的冥想者。探索神经多样性为正念的实践、教学和研究带来了新的视角。在这篇博客中,我们的 EDI 咨询小组中的一名神经变异者回答了有关神经多样性的问题,并解释了我们为创建一个神经变异者包容性会议所做的努力。

What are some common misconceptions about neurodiversity, and how can we address them going forwards?

 

There are common myths and misconceptions about each of the type of neurodivergence, but they are too numerous to mention!  Every human is different, be they neurodivergent or neurotypical, so a key consideration is not making assumptions and engaging with each person as an individual.

It is often assumed that neurodivergent people are just one ‘thing’, i.e. just autistic or just dyslexic.  This is rarely the case and there is a high incidence of ‘co-occurring conditions’.  An alternative way of thinking about this is that current diagnostic categories may not reflect more complex, individual realities (Fletcher-Watson, 2022).  This again highlights the need for people to be treated as individuals.

Some people think the term neurodivergence only applies to people who have lower support needs.  This is not the case.  Neurodivergent individuals who have profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) are included under the neurodivergent umbrella.  The inclusive approach is important due to the variety of individual experience, as well as the extent to which traits and capacity can fluctuate depending on the environment.  Some neurodivergent people consider themselves to be disabled, while others do not. 

If you think you don’t know anyone who is neurodivergent, here are a few high-profile examples: actors Daniel Radcliffe (dyspraxia), Dan Ackroyd (autism) and Salma Hayek (dyslexia); gymnast Simone Biles (ADHD) and World’s Strongest Man Tom Stoltman (autism); poet Amanda Gorman (sound hypersensitivity) and singer Billie Eilish (Tourette’s syndrome).  Some companies are pursuing neurodivergent employees because they are convinced of the value diversity brings in terms of innovation, creativity and problem solving (Deloitte Insights, 2022; Johnson, 2024).

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